UPDATE on 12/16/2019: The Washington Post is reporting now that the internet shutdown in Kashmir Valley has now become the longest such shutdown ever imposed by a democracy, having reached 134 days and counting. The situation has only grown even more dire.
The Himalayan territory of Kashmir has long-been a source of dispute between India and Pakistan -- both of which are now nuclear powers that have already fought two wars over the region. Although the United Nations has maintained for decades that the political status of Kashmir be determined by the Kashmiri people, India has ordered tens of thousands of more troops into Kashmir, unilaterally put political figures under house arrest, ordered tourists to leave, closed schools, placed everyone under curfew, and cut off all access to communication including landlines, broadband, internet, cell phones, and the news media.
India unilaterally gutted Article 370, a constitutional provision that granted Kashmir semi-autonomous status and prevented non-Kashmiris from owning property in Kashmir. Many believe this is meant to change the ethnic demographics of Kashmir and eventually eradicate Kashmir’s identity and political will. Kashmir is at the center of a potential nuclear global conflict, with the U.S. largely allied with India and with China largely allied with Pakistan.