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Impaired Driving Prevalence/Overview
Alcohol-impaired drivers make up about one-third of all motor vehicle deaths. An average of one alcohol-impaired-driving death occurs every 45 minutes. Each year, impaired- driving crashes cost the U.S. more than $50 billion.
More than 2 out of every 3 people who die in alcohol-impaired-driving crashes are drivers with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of 0.08 or higher. The remaining alcohol-related deaths are primarily passengers and non-occupants [National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) 2009].
Most alcohol-impaired driving crashes occur during the evening hours and on weekends. In fact, the rate of alcohol impairment among drivers involved in fatal crashes is four times higher at night than during the day. The rate is twice as high for drivers involved in crashes on the weekends as compared to during the week (NHTSA 2009).
Drivers with a BAC of 0.08 or higher involved in fatal crashes are eight times more likely to have a prior conviction for driving drunk than were drivers with no alcohol.
All 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have per se laws which make it illegal to drive with a BAC at or above 0.08 percent. However, you can still be arrested and convicted of DUI with a BAC at or below 0.08 percent. Click here to see the Drunk Driving laws in your state.
A drug is any substance taken by a person to achieve a better physical or mental state - real or imagined. Drug use means taking any amount of drugs under any condition - legal or illegal. When using any drug, you should consider the risks and the effects it might have on your ability to perform routine and complex tasks. Keeping your level of risk low and avoiding taking drugs that interfere with anything you might do. Remember that in addition to their intended purpose, many drugs have side effects. To complicate matters, drugs can affect various people in different ways, or a drug may affect a person differently each time it used.
- According to the National Roadside Survey from the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) in 2007, more than one in seven weekend, nighttime drivers tested positive for illegal, prescription, or over-the-counter medication. More than one in ten tested positive for illicit drugs. -National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- The 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that an estimated 10.3 million people ages 12 and older reported to driving under the influence of illicit drugs at least once during the prior year. The rate was the highest among young adults ages 18-25 (11.9%). -Subsance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration