McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants fund local, regional, and state homeless assistance programs through the competitive Continuum of Care (CoC) program and the Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG) formula grant program. The CoC program funds proven, Housing First interventions like permanent supportive housing and rapid re-housing, as well as transitional housing in appropriate situations.
A CoC is a geographical administrative unit through which federal homeless assistance funds are distributed. Homeless assistance providers in a specific geographic area work together to apply for federal funding. HUD ranks the applications and provides funding based on the quality of the application, the performance of the local homeless assistance system, the need for homeless assistance, and the local rankings of individual programs.
The ESG grant funds emergency shelter, homelessness prevention, and rapid re-housing.